He was born in Valladolid the 21 May 1527 in the palace of don Bernandino Pimentel, next to San Pablo´s church;
six weeks after his birth, he was baptized in San Pablo´s convent.
He was the first son of Carlos V and Isabel of Portugal. The early death of his mother in 1539 and the absence of his father due to his trips caused h
im a sudden maturity.
He had two sisters: Maria, who was born the 21 June 1528 and Juana
He was the king of Spain from 1556 to 1598 and he was known as the Prudent King.

Carlos V --------------------------------- Isabel of Portugal


He had four spouses through all his life thanks to political interests:

  1. Maria Manuela of Portugal, born in Coimbre the 15 October 1527, daughter of Juan III of Portugal and Catalina of Austria and Felipe´s cousin. They married at the age of 16. Their marriage only lasted two years due to the death of Maria, four hours after giving birth to her only child, Carlos.
  2. At the age of 26, Felipe married Maria Tudor, queen of England, daughter of Enrique VIII and Catalina of Aragón and his second aunt. She was born in Greenwich the 18 February 1515, so she had 12 years more than Felipe. She died without a successor in 1558.
  3. In 1660, Felipe married Isabel of Valois born the 3 April 1546 and daughter of Enrique II of France and Catalina of Medicis. He had 33 years and Isabel just 14. They had two daughters, Isabel Clara Eugenia and Catalina Micaela. Isabel died at the age of 23 and she was shrouded in the Monastery of the Descalzas Reales.
  4. Finally, he was married with Anna of Austria, she was born in Cigales the 1 November 1549 and daughter of Maria, Felipe´s sister. They married in Prague in 1570 when Felipe had 42 years and his wife 21. They had five children, Fernando, Carlos Lorenzo, Diego Felix, Felipe and Anna. The only one who survived was Felipe, the successor of the throne. Anna´s death occurred the 26 October 1580.

maria-manuela-portugal1.jpgdescarga (3).jpgdescarga (2).jpgdescarga (1).jpg
Maria Manuela of Portugal --- Maria Tudor ----------------------- Isabel of Valois ----------- Annna of Austria



Felipe was well prepared to be King as he had to assumed several government functions due to the absence of his father; this way he obtained the experience
In 1556 he inherited the throne after the abdication of his father. This way he became the King of the empire formed by Castile, Aragón, Cataluña, Navarra, Valencia, el Roussillon, Franco-County, the Low Countries, Sicily, Sardinia, Milan, Naples, Oran, Tunisia, Portugal, America and Philippines.he needed to govern.
Felipe decided to focus on governing from the Spanish court, even though he declared Spain bankrupt several times, he achieved success when he obtained Iberian union.
He also built lots of important buildings that nowadays are still around us, for example the Instituto of San Isidro.
He had to deal with several conflicts:
  • Spain was fighting against France to take control over Naples and Milanesado.
  • The continuous fight against England for the maritime power, which ended in 1588 with the Spanish Armada defeat.
  • Political and religious conflict with the Low Countries.


The religious union was one of the main objectives of Felipe; he became the guard of the Catholicism and constructed the Liga Santa to defend the Catholic faith from other religions.



He was gave one of the best educations, having the objective of governing:
  • Juan Martinez Siliceo was his tutor in 1534 and taught him to read, write and some languages as Latin, Italian and French.
  • Honorato Juan taught him mathematics and architecture.
  • Juan of Gines Sepulveda geography and history.
  • Luis Narvaez taught him music and how to play the vihuela
Felipe improved slowly on his education as he was more interested on hunting tan studying.


"La vida privada de Felipe II". Artehistoria. Juan Carlos Cobo Cueva. Web. 07 May 2016. <http://www.artehistoria.com/colabora/articulo1.htm>
"Felipe II: Breve biografía". La vida privada de Felipe II. Web. 07 May 2016 <http://blogs.ua.es/vidaprivfelipesegundo/felipe-ii-paginas/>
"Felipe II". Biografías y vidas. Miguel Ruiza, Tomás Fernández, Elena Tamaro, Marcel Durán. Web. 07 May 2016. <http://www.biografiasyvidas.com/biografia/f/felipe_ii.htm>


external image juana-de-austria.jpg
external image juana-de-austria.jpg

Is the daughter of Carlos V and Isabel of portugal. She born in Madrid in 1535 and diez un “El Escorial” in 1573. In 1552 he marriage wirh Juan Manuel of Portugal, together they have a son called Sebastian I.In 1560 he founded in Madrid the convent of las Descalzas Reales.

Early years

On June 24, 1535 she was born, she was the third and the last daughter of Carlos V and Isabel of Portugal. Juana was baptized a few days after his birth, on June 30, by the then Archbishop of Toledo, Juan Tavera. After the arrival of Felipe II Juan a left the post of gorvernor.

juan manuel de portugal.jpg
juan manuel de portugal.jpg
Her marriage

The 11 of january It was made official his marriagewith Juan Manuel of Portugal. Juana had 7 years old and Juan had 5 years old. They decide to put off the wedding to the age of 12 years old. in the year 1551 she marries with Juan and in 1552 they arrive from their trip. The 2 of january of 1554 died Juan after a long agony.Juana was just four months with his son , because after the death of her husband, his brother Philip asked to return to Spain to be named governor


Juana build the Monastery of las descalzas reales in 1557,she dedicate her life to care of her children and governate Spain. The 7 of Septembre of 1573 she died because a tumor and she was buried in the Monastery of las descalzas reales.

  • She defend the Jesuits from the Dominican Melchor Cano.

  • Intervened to prevent Francisco de Borja was named cardinal, before the prohibition of the Jesuits to accept ecclesiastical dignities,
  • He served the needs of the Roman School of the order;
  • He helped the foundation of a school in Valladolid ;
  • He supported the establishment Jesuit in the Belgian city of Leuven
Juan Manuel of Portugal


JOVER ZAMORA, J.M. (dir) "Spain Felipe II-time", in history of Spain of Menéndez Pidal. Vol XXII. First part. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1994.FERNANDEZ ALVAREZ, MANUEL. Felipe II and his time. Madrid, Espasa Calpe, 1998.

Philip III of Spain


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Philip III (April,14,1578) in the Alcázar de Madrid being the last son of Philip II and Maria Anna of Habsburg, because he was the fourth of five sons in the marriage of his father with the archduchess Maria Anna of Habsburg.
With the death of his father, (September,1598) he will occupy the Spanish and Portuguese throne, because Philip II conquered the Iberian Unity in 1581 with the annexation of the Portuguese territories to the spanish crown.

Sentimental Life

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He married to Margaret of Habsburg-Estiria and was considered queen of Spain and Portugal due to this marriage.
They had eight sons. Philip IV of Spain, Anna of Habsburg, Maria Anna of Habsburg, Ferdinand of Habsburg, Charles of Habsburg, Margaret Frances of Habsburg, Alphonse Maurice of Habsburg and Maria of Habsburg.


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<---Francisco de Sandoval y Rojas

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During his reign, the government system was the same as the first Habsburgs, but soon was substituted by the power delegated to a valid , due to the insufficient capacity of the monarch. Thus, from the beginning of his reign ,the monarch put the affairs of state in the hands of his valid Francisco de Sandoval y Rojas, marquesse of Denia, and therefore, duke of Lerma. He was the first of the valids that ruled the spanish destinations along the 18th century.
Between 1601 and 1606 the Court established on Valladolid.

Although he continued the policy of hostility to the Ottoman Turks, and having faced enmity with the Republic of Venice and the Duchy of Savoy, the foreign policy of Philip III was oriented towards peace.

In 1609 the Twelve Years' Truce was signed with the Netherlands , representing the official recognition of the existence of the Netherlands was signed. This peace allowed the government to tackle the problem of the Moriscos , whose integration into Spanish society had become very difficult after the uprisings of the Alpujarras , being the same year , 1609 , when he decided his expulsion by religious and internal security reasons.

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But this period of peace ended in 1618 at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War in which Spain supported the Emperor Ferdinand II of Habsburg against the Elector Palatine , Frederick V.

Also in 1618 due to the deteriorating political situation and the economic crisis Philip III was forced to replace Lerma by his son , the Duke of Uceda , but limiting him in his duties and therefore taking away power.

The reign of Philip III assumed the maintenance of Spanish hegemony in the world , but its economic difficulties and the transfer of government to private or valid and predicted the decline of the Empire.

On March 21, 1621 , attacked with fever and erysipelas, he expired Felipe III , at the age of forty-three years and after twenty reign.

-Erysipela; Erysipelas is a bacterial infection in the upper layer of the skin. It is similar to another skin disorder known as cellulitis, which is an infection in the lower layers of the skin. Both conditions are similar in appearance and are treated in the same way.

__http://www.cervantesvirtual.com/bib/historia/monarquia/felipe3.shtml__Historia, La Monarquía Hispánica, Los Austrias, Felipe III__http://www.healthline.com/health/erysipelas#Overview1__Erysipielas; Causes, Risks, and Treatment. Written by the Healthline Editorial team and Medically reviewed by Steven Kim, MD, on February, 5, 2016.

Carlos III of Spain


Carlos III was an unusual and unique ruler. He tried to improve the lives of his subjects, he was a vocational king. He was born on January 20, 1716 in Madrid. Son of Philip V and Elizabeth Farnese. He conquered Sicily in 1734. Fernando VI of Spain died in 1759 and Carlos succeeded him.


He married in 1737 with Maria Amalia of Saxony. They had 13 children, but only seven reached adulthood. He arrived in Spain with his wife, who dies a year later, and their children born in Italy.

carlos III.pngREIGN

While regarding management intramural culminates usually successfully through the empowerment of civil work, improvement of legislation, renewal of the Navy, agriculture, advanced postal system, the introduction of the lottery, an embryonic social to meet the widows and orphans of war and other bets draft, the problems of international politics and misguided alliance in the Family Compact with France security will bring a series of supervening dislikes.
In the always bustling mentideros of the Court, it was rumored that Carlos III was not the son of Philip V and Cardinal Alberoni yes, very clever cleric preparing the cannelloni.
This king hated luxury and fuss, it was a little abnormal war austerity and gave his tailor.


Carlos III, ¿el único rey que ha sido normal de la historia de España?. Titania Compañía Editorial.
Carlos III. Equipo de buscabiografias.com. Diciembre 1999 con posteriores actualizaciones.